Information about Brautigan's 'The Hawkline Monster: A Gothic Western'
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The dedication reads: This novel is for the Montana Gang.


Online Samples

Welcome to the Dead Hills

Richard Brautigan: Das Hawkline Monster : ein seltsamer Western mit 2 Killern, 2 schönen Frauen und 1 Monster(external link)


Short Reviews

Adams, Phoebe-Lou. "Review of The Hawkline Monster." The Atlantic 234 (October 1974): 119-120.

Agapow, Paul-Michael. "'The Hawkline Monster' by Richard Brautigan: A Postview." The Linköping Science Fiction & Fantasy Archive 16 Oct. 1997.

Anonymous. "Review of The Hawkline Monster." Booklist 15 Sept. 1974: 70.

Anonymous. "Review of The Hawkline Monster." Kirkus Reviews 1 July 1974: 695.

Anonymous. "Review of The Hawkline Monster." Playboy 21 Sept. 1974: 22, 24.

Bannon, Barbara A. "Review of The Hawkline Monster." Publishers Weekly 5 Aug. 1974: 50.

Barnes, Julian. "Kidding." New Statesman 4 Apr. 1975: 457.

Barnett, Richard J. and Robert Manning. "Review of The Hawkline Monster: A Gothic Western." The Progressive January 1975: 55.

Kaye, Sheldon. "Review of The Hawkline Monster: A Gothic Western." Library Journal August 1974: 1980.

Locklin, Gerald. "A Loony Treat from Brautigan". Independent Press-Telegram [Long Beach, CA] 22 Nov. 1974: A21.

Major, Clarence. "Open Letters: A Review of The Abortion and The Hawkline Monster." American Poetry Review 4.1 (January/February 1975): 29.

Nordell, Roderick. "Review of The Hawkline Monster: A Gothic Western." Christian Science Monitor 8 Nov. 1974: 10.

Sage, Lorna. "The Edge of Hysteria." Observer 6 Apr. 1975: 30.

Sale, Roger. "Fooling Around, and Serious Business." Hudson Review 27.4 (Winter 1974/5): 623-635.

Turner, William O. "An Acid-Rock Western." Seattle Post Intelligencer 15 Sept. 1974: F10.

Wordsworth, Christopher. "Cassandra Syndrome." Guardian Weekly 12 Apr. 1975: 21.


Longer Reviews

Ackroyd, Peter. "Grotesquerie." The Spectator 5 Apr. 1975: 411-412.

Cook, Bruce. "A Gothic Western He Calls It, and He's Right." The National Observer 14 Sept. 1974: 23.

Cunningham, Valentine. "Whisky in the Works." Times Literary Supplement 11 Apr. 1975: 389.

Flynn, Chris. "Richard Brautigan's The Hawkline Monster: a Gothic Western." The Book Show 24 Feb. 2009.

Grubber, John. "Meanwhile—Back in the Jar." Vortex 1(5) May 1977: 47-48.

Lee, L.L. "Review of The Hawkline Monster." Western American Literature 10.2 (Summer 1975): 151-153.

Prescott, Peter. "Monster in the Cellar." Newsweek 9 Sept. 1974: 82-83.

Yohalem, John. "Cute Brautigan." The New York Times Book Review 8 Sept. 1974: Section 7, Pages 6-7.


Random Quotes

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Critical Essays

Kincheloe, Henderson "The Hawkline Monster." Masterplots 1975 Annual. Ed. Frank N. Magill. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Salem Press, 1976. 144-146. Reprinted in Survey of Contemporary Literature. Revised Edition. 12 vols. Ed. Frank N. Magill. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Salem Press, 1975. Vol. 5, 3302.

Kusnir, Jaroslav. "Reconsideration of Nature, Myths and Narrative Conventions of Popular Literature in Richard Brautigan's Novel The Hawkline Monster: a Gothic Western, or Gothic Novel and Western in One" in American Fiction: Modernism-Postmodernism, Popular Culture, and Metafiction ibidem-Verlag, 2007: 55-64.

Le Vot, André. "New Modes of Storytelling in Recent American Writings: The Dismantling of Contemporary Fiction?", in Les Américanistes. Ira and Christiane Johnson (eds.) New York: National University Publications, 1978: 110-129.

McClure, Michael. "Ninety-one Things about Richard Brautigan?", in Lighting the Corners: On Art, Nature, and the Visionary. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1993: 36-68.

Slethaug, Gordon. "The Hawkline Monster: Brautigan's Buffoon Mutation", in The Scope of the Fantastic - Culture, Biography, Themes, Children's Literature - Selected Essays from the First International Conference on the Fantastic in Literature and Film. Robert Collins and Howard Pearce (eds.) Westport CT: Greenwood, 1985: 137-145.

Willis, Lonnie. "Brautigan's The Hawkline Monster: As Big as the Ritz." Critique: Studies in Modern Fiction 23.2 (Winter 1981-82): 37-47.


Mentioned in longer Critical Essays

Bloodworth, William. "Literary Extensions of the Formula Western?." Western American Literature 14.4 (Winter 1980): 287-96.

Downing, Pamela. "On the Creation and Use of English Compound Nouns?." Language 53.4 (December 1977): 810-842.

Olderman, Raymond M. "American Fiction 1974-1976: People Who Fell To Earth." Contemporary Literature 19.4 (Autumn 1978): 497-530.



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Criticism in other Languages


grm, "Richard Brautigan, Hawklinská nestvůra." Lidové noviny, 8.2.2003
,br/> Ulmanová, Hana. "Brautigan, Richard: Hawklinská nestvůra, recenze." 9 Sept. 2003.


Pétillion, Pierre Yves. "Des Fjords Pluvieux du Nord-Ouest." Critique: Revue Générale des Publications Françaises et Etrangères 31.338 (1975): 688-695.


Krull, Wilhelm. "Professor & Chemikalien: Richard Brautigan Roman 'Das Hawkline Monster'." Frankfurter Rundschau 16 Sept. 1986.

Tantow, Lutz. "Parodie des Trivialen." Süddeutsche Zeitung 25 June 1986.


Anon. "Due pistoleri e un mostruo(external link)." l'Unità 19 Nov 2008: 40.

Cottogni, Pino. "Il mostro degli Hawkline: Una fusione tra western e fantascienza venata di gotico." Corriere della Fantascienza 4 Feb 2009.

Denti, Marco. "Il mostro degli Hawkline. Un western gotico(external link)." lettera.com 1 Feb 2009.

Di Guilio, Matteo. "Il mostro degli Hawkline: Due cowboy, due sorelle e un mostro da stanare(external link)." Il Re-Censore 13 July 2009.

Ronci, Alfredo. "Il mostro degli Hawkline(external link)." Il paradiso degli orchi 16 Jan 2009.


Ayala-Dip, J. Ernesto. "Un Western inédito(external link)." El Correo
Bordón, Antonio. "Un monstruo anda suelto(external link)." La Provincia Dec 5, 2014. p 6.
Quintana, Juan. "Un Western Gótico." Nueva Estafeta 30 (May 1981): 102-103.
Vayá Albert, Javier. "El monstruo de Hawkline, bendita contracultura.(external link)" La huella digital. Dec. 17, 2014.


See John Barber's Brautigan Bibliography plus+(external link) for more information on The Hawkline Monster: A Gothic Western.


Wish List

To the best of my knowledge the following articles also discuss A Confederate General from Big Sur, but I do not have a copy. If you have a copy and would be willing to share it with the Brautigan community, please contact me at birgit at cybernetic-meadows.net.

Cabau, Jacques. "Western dans un château hanté: A Review of The Hawkline Monster." L'Express 1 Aug. 1977: 17.

Chénetier, Marc. "Le monstre et les discours." Cahiers de l'Herne: Le Romanticisme Noir (34) 1978: 351-356.

Sarcandzieva, Rada. "Precistvastijat Smjah Na Ricard Brotigan. Cudovisteto Hoklan; Edno Sombrero Pada Ot Nebeto." [The Purifying Light of Richard Brautigan in Monster and Sombrero.] Sofia: Narodna Kultura, n.d.

Slethaug, Gordon. "Minimalism, Metadoubles, and Narcissism: Brautigan's Hawkliine Monster," in The Play of the Double in Postmodern American Fiction. Southern Illinois University Press, 1993: 151-166.

Tani, Stefano. "L'Esperimento del Professor Hawkline: Case Stregate e Sogno Americano da Brown a Brautigan." Miscellanea 5 1984: 45-79.

Help improve the Brautigan Archives: The Brautigan Archives were conceived as a place for Brautigan fans and scholars to share ideas and information on the life and work of Richard Brautigan. If you have written an article on Brautigan or one of the other authors referred to in the Archives, or if you have read an article that is not included in the Archives but of possible interest to the Brautigan community, please get in touch with me at birgit at cybernetic-meadows.net.