Information about Brautigan's 'In Watermelon Sugar'
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Buy "In Watermelon Sugar" at Amazon.com or Amazon.co.uk

The dedication reads: This novel was started May 13, 1964 in a house in Bolinas, California, and was finished July 19, 1964 in the front room at 123 Beaver Street, San Francisco, California. This novel is for Don Allen?, Joanne Kyger? and Michael McClure?.


Online Samples

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The entire book can be read at Jason Carswell's Wicked Sunshine website(external link) (txt format) or downloaded in Word format here(external link) (Note: although the site is also called The Brautigan Archives, it holds no relation with this site)


Short Reviews

Allen, Trevor. "Richard Brautigan." Books & Bookmen Apr. 1973: 141.

Morris, Desmond. "Books of the Year: A Personal Choice." The Observer [London] 21 December 1969: 17.

Shatkin, Allan I. "Review of Trout Fishing in America, The Pill Versus the Springhill Mine Disaster and In Watermelon Sugar." Library Journal 15 Apr. 1970: 1500.

Waters, Colin. "Roundup: In Watermelon Sugar." The Sunday Herald 7 July 2002.


Medium-Length Reviews

Coleman, John. "Finny Peculiar: A Review of Trout Fishing in America and In Watermelon Sugar." The Observer 26 July 1970: 25.

Farrell, J.G. "Hair Brained." Spectator 8 Aug. 1970: 133.

Maillard, Keith. "Trout Fishing in America, The Pill versus the Springhill Mine Disaster, In Watermelon Sugar." Broadside/Free Press (Cambridge, Massachusetts) 9(5), April 22, 1970: 8.

Michaelian, William. "In Watermelon Sugar by Richard Brautigan." I'm Telling You All I Know 17 Oct. 2007.


Longer Reviews

Adams, Robert. "Brautigan Was Here." New York Review of Books 22 April 1971: 24-26. (Excerpt taken from Contemporary Literary Criticism, Vol. 12).

Anon. "Polluted Eden." Times Literary Supplement 14 Aug.1970: 893.

Belinski, P.X. "Belinski on Brautigan." Georgia Straight [Vancouver, BC, Canada] 5.211 19-22 Oct. 1971: 19.

Davenport, Guy. "C'est Magnifique Mais Ce N'est Pas Daguerre." The Hudson Review 23.1 (Spring 1970): 158-160.

Feld, Michael. "A Double with Christina." London Magazine 11 (August/September 1971): 150-152.

Furbank, P.N. "Pacific Nursery: A Review of Trout Fishing in America and In Watermelon Sugar." The Listener 6 Aug. 1970: 186.

Gillespie, Bruce R. "Rats Reviews," SF Commentary: The Independent Magazine about Science Fiction 40 (May 1974): 52-54.

Loewinsohn, Ron. "After the (mimeograph)Revolution?." TriQuarterly 18 (Spring 1970): 221-236.

McGuane, Thomas. "An Optimist vis-a-vis the Present." The New York Times Book Review 15 Feb.1970: 49.

Norman, Albert H. "Energy and Whimsy." Newsweek 29 Dec. 1969: 54-55.

O'Hara, J.D. "Happier - but not holier - than thou." Book World-Chicago Tribune 11 Jan. 1970): 3.

Singletary, Taylor. "Of The Coming World: The Forgotten Works In Watermelon Sugar and its Tunnel Music?." Everything2 6 Dec 2002.

Tanner, Tony. "The Dream and the Pen." The Times [London] 25 July 1970: 5G.

Warsch, Lewis. "Out of Sight." Poetry 115.6 (March 1970): 440-446.

Welch, Lew. "Brautigan's Moth Balanced on an Apple." San Francisco Chronicle 15 Dec. 1968.


Critical Essays

Blakely Carolyn F. "Narrative Technique in Brautigan's In Watermelon Sugar." CLA Journal 35.2 (December 1991): 150-158.

Foster, Jeffrey M. "Richard Brautigan's Utopia of Detachment." Connecticut Review 14.1 (Spring 1992): 85-91.

Hernlund, Patricia. "Author's Intent: In Watermelon Sugar." Critique: Studies in Modern Fiction 16.1 (1974): 5-17.

Hoffmann, Gerhard. "Behavior Against Action: Richard Brautigan, In Watermelon Sugar," in From Modernism to Postmodernism: Concepts and Strategies of Postmodern American Fiction Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2005: 561-562.

Kušnír, Jaroslav. "Diversity of Postmodern Fantasy: Richard Brautigan's In Watermelon Sugar and Donald Barthelme's The Dead Father."

Kušnír, Jaroslav. "Richard Brautigan's Exiled Worlds (A Confederate General from Big Sur, The Abortion and In Watermelon Sugar)." Studia Philologica 7 (2000): 69-77.

Leavitt, Harvey. "The Regained Paradise of Brautigan's In Watermelon Sugar." Critique: Studies in Modern Fiction 16.1 (1974): 18-24.

Rohrberger, Mary and Peggy Gardner. "Multicolored Loin Cloths, Glass Trinkets of Words: Surrealism in In Watermelon Sugar?." Ball State University Forum 23.1 (Winter 1982): 61-67.

Rohrberger, Mary. "In Watermelon Sugar." Masterplots II: American Fiction Series, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Salem Press, 1986: 787-791.

Schmitz, Neil. "Richard Brautigan and the Modern Pastoral." Modern Fiction Studies 19.1 (Spring 1973): 109-125.

Schroeder, Michael L. "Rhetorical Depth or Psychological Aberration: The Strange Case of Richard Brautigan?." Mount Olive Review 3 (Spring 1989): 45-49.

Tanner, Tony. "Fragments and Fantasies", in City of Words: American Fiction 1950-1970. New York: Harper & Row, 1971: 400-415.

Taylor, Justin. "On Brautigan." Lost Magazine (17) September 2007.

Thomson, George H. "Objective Reporting as a Technique in the Experimental Novel: A Note on Brautigan and Robbe-Grillet." Notes on Contemporary Literature 8.4 (September 1978): 2.

Walters, Richard. "Brautigan's Trout Fishing in America, The Pill Versus the Springhill Mine Disaster and In Watermelon Sugar", in Survey of Contemporary Literature vol 2, Frank Magill (ed.) Englewood Cliffs NJ: Salem Press, 1977: 883-889.

Williams, Dan. "A World Within: Solipsism and Richard Brautigan's In Watermelon Sugar."


Mentions in Longer Essays

Hansen, Arlen J. "The Celebration of Solipsism: A New Trend in American Fiction." Modern Fiction Studies 19 (Spring 1973): 5-15.

Hollinger, Veronica. "Cybernetic Deconstructions: Cyberpunk and Postmodernism?." Storming the Reality Studio: A Casebook of Cyberpunk and Postmodern Fiction. Ed. Larry McCaffery. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1991. 203-218.

Nilsen, Don L. F. and Allen Pace Nilsen. "An Exploration and Defense of the Humor in Young Adult Literature." Journal of Reading 26 Oct. 1982: 64.



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Criticism in other Languages


Anon. "Traum vom Paradies." Der Spiegel 46/1970 09.11.1970.

Kramberg, K.H. "Die kleine Welt des Richard Brautigan: In Wassermelonen Zucker - ein künstliches Paradies." Süddeutsche Zeitung 28-29 Nov. 1970.

Schäbler, Bernd. "Versuche einer Projektiven Rezeption: 5. Richard Brautigan: In Watermelon Sugar?," in Amerikanische Metafiction im Kontext der Europäischen Moderne. Giessen: Hoffmann Verlag, 1983: pp.674-713.

Schulte, Michael. "Welt mit Zuckerguss: Ein Roman von Richard Brautigan." Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung 27 Oct. 1970.


Villar Raso, M. "El mito como consumo: Richard Brautigan." Camp de l'Arpa: Revista de Literatura 19 (1975): 23,25.


See John Barber's Brautigan Bibliography plus+(external link) for more information on In Watermelon Sugar.


Wish List

To the best of my knowledge, the following articles also discuss In Watermelon Sugar, but I do not have a copy. If you have a copy and would be willing to share it with the Brautigan community, please contact me at birgit at cybernetic-meadows.net.

Help improve the Brautigan Archives: The Brautigan Archives were conceived as a place for Brautigan fans and scholars to share ideas and information on the life and work of Richard Brautigan. If you have written an article on Brautigan or one of the other authors referred to in the Archives, or if you have read an article that is not included in the Archives but of possible interest to the Brautigan community, please get in touch with me at birgit at cybernetic-meadows.net.