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Brautigan mentions Baudelaire in several poems:
The Ferris Wheel (Lay the Marble Tea?)
The Postman (The Octopus Frontier?)
The American Hotel The Galilee Hitch-hiker?
Gilbert Sorrentino mentions Baudelaire in his review of The Galilee Hitch-hiker.
One of the greatest French poets of the 19th century, called 'the father of modern criticism,' who shocked his contemporaries with his visions of lust and decay. Baudelaire formed with StÃ©phane MallarmÃ©? and Paul Verlaine? the so-called Decadents.
Baudelaire has often been called the forerunner of symbolism. Most of the symbolist tendencies in Baudelaire's poetry appear in his sonnet â€œCorrespondencesâ€ from Les Fleurs du Mal. Here he discusses vertical correspondences between the visible and the invisible world. He also describes the power of horizontal correspondences, such as those between smells, colors, and sounds, to suggest different moods or feelings. This unity of the senses, otherwise know as â€œsynaesthesia,â€ is one of the most important characteristics of symbolism.
Like Poe, Baudelaire disliked the romantic reverence for spontaneity and inspiration. He believed that creation was impossible without some sort of strict discipline. For this reason, he painstakingly revised each of his poems over and over again. Although he upheld imagination and reverie, he felt as though they had to be perfected by use of a technique.
Baudelaire's view of beauty was also romantic in that it depended on imagination and reverie. As he wrote in Les Paradis artificiels, â€œit is in dreams that man communicates with the shadowy world that surrounds him.â€ According to him, mystery forced the reader to use his imagination to understand anything left vague or unexplained.
According to him, imagination must be accompanied by the recall of sensory experiences, such as smells or sounds, that occurred in the distant past. His poetry consequently often reverts back to childhood memories. In fact, in "La Peintre de la vie moderne," he wrote â€œgenius is only childhood recovered at willâ€
Books and Writers
Known for his highly controversial, and often dark poetry, as well as his translation of the tales of Edgar Allan Poe